Arch Fam Med
Institution: STANFORD Univ Med Center  | My Account | E-mail Alerts | Access Rights | Sign In
  Vol. 1 No. 1, September 1992 TABLE OF CONTENTS
  •  Online Features
  Clinical Reviews
 This Article
 •Full text PDF
 •Send to a friend
 • Save in My Folder
 •Save to citation manager
 Citing Articles
 •Citation map
 •Citing articles on HighWire
 •Contact me when this article is cited
 Related Content
 •Similar articles in this journal

Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis

A Review

Nancy C. Elder, MD, MSPH

Arch Fam Med. 1992;1(1):91-98.

Article references have been provided for searching and linking. Additional reference information may be available in the article PDF.

1. Goldsmith MF. Forgotten (almost) but not gone, tuberculosis suddenly looms large on the domestic scene. JAMA. 1990;64:165-166.
2. Weir MR, Thornton GF. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis: experience of a community hospital and review of the literature. Am J Med. 1985;79:467-478. PUBMED
3. Barnes PF, Bloch AB, Davidson PT, Snider DE. Tuberculosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. N Engl J Med. 1991;324:1644-1650. PUBMED
4. US Dept of Health and Human Services. 1989 Tuberculosis Statistics in the United States. Atlanta, Ga: US Dept of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control; August 1991. DHHS publication CDC 91-8322.
5. Revision of the CDC surveillance case definition for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, AIDS program, Center for Infectious Diseases. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1987;36(suppl_1):1S-15S.
6. Farer LS, Lowell AM, Meador MP. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis in the United States. Am J Epidemiol. 1979;109:205-217. FREE FULL TEXT
7. Vanderpool DM, O'Leary JP. Primary tuberculous enteritis. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1988;167:167-173. PUBMED
8. Mehta JB, Dutt A, Harvill L, Mathews KM. Epidemiology of extrapulmonary tuberculosis: a comparative analysis with pre-AIDS era. Chest. 1991;99:1134-1138. PUBMED
9. Baydur A. The spectrum of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. West J Med. 1977;126:253-262. PUBMED
10. Alvarez S, McCabe WR. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis revisited: a review of experience at Boston City and other hospitals. Medicine. 1984;63:25-55. PUBMED
11. Chen J, Wood MH. Tuberculosis lymphadenopathy: a collective review with a case report. J Natl Med Assoc. 1988;80:1083-1088. PUBMED
12. Nemir RL, O'Hare D. Tuberculosis in children 10 years of age and younger: three decades of experience during the chemotherapeutic era. Pediatrics. 1991;88:236-241. FREE FULL TEXT
13. Rieder HL, Snider DE, Cauthen GM. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis in the United States. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1990;141:347-351. PUBMED
14. Shikhani AH, Hadi UM, Mufarrij AA, Zaytoun GM. Mycobacterial cervical lymphadenitis. Ear Nose Throat J. 1989;68:660-672. PUBMED
15. Lau SK, Wei WI, Hsu C, Engzell UCG. Efficacy of fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of tuberculosis cervical lymphadenopathy. J Laryngol Otol. 1990;104:24-27. PUBMED
16. Epstein DM, Kline LR, Albelda SM, Miller WT. Tuberculosis pleural effusions. Chest. 1987;91:106-109. PUBMED
17. Berger HW, Mejia E. Tuberculosis pleurisy. Chest. 1973;63:88-92. PUBMED
18. Christensen WI. Genitourinary tuberculosis: review of 102 cases. Medicine. 1974;53:377-390. PUBMED
19. Narayana A. Overview of renal tuberculosis. Urology. 1982;19:231-237. PUBMED
20. Dhillon SS, Gosewehr JA, Julian TM, Huey J. Genital tuberculosis: case report and literature review. Wis Med J. 1990;89:14-17. PUBMED
21. Cohen MS. Granulomatous nephritis. Urol Clin North Am. 1986;13:647-659. PUBMED
22. Bateman BG, Nunley WC Jr, Kitchin JD III, Fechner RE. Genital tuberculosis in reproductive-age women: a report of two cases. J Reprod Med. 1986;31:287-290. PUBMED
23. Merchant R. Endoscopy in the diagnosis of genital tuberculosis. J Reprod Med. 1989;34:468-474. PUBMED
24. Sen P, Kapila R, Salaki J, Louria DB. The diagnostic enigma of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. J Chron Dis. 1977;30:331-350. PUBMED
25. Roy TM, Giles C, Mendieta J, Ossorio MA. Pott's disease in Kentucky: diagnosis and treatment. J Ky Med Assoc. 1988;86:499-502. PUBMED
26. Omari B, Robertson JM, Nelson RJ, Chiu LC. Pott's disease: a resurgent challenge to the thoracic surgeon. Chest. 1989;95:145-150. PUBMED
27. Mann JS, Cole RB. Tuberculosis spondylitis in the elderly: a potential diagnostic pitfall. BMJ. 1987;294:1149-1150. FREE FULL TEXT
28. Berney S, Goldstein M, Bishko F. Clinical and diagnostic features of tuberculosis arthritis. Am J Med. 1972;53:36-42. PUBMED
29. Coppola J, Muller NL, Connell DG. Computed tomography of musculoskeletal tuberculosis. Can Assoc Radiol J. 1987;38:199-203. PUBMED
30. Parsons M. The treatment of tuberculous meningitis. Tubercle. 1989;70:79-82. PUBMED
31. Daniel TM. New approaches to the rapid diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis. J Infect Dis. 1987;155:599-602. PUBMED
32. Berenguer J, Moreno S, Laguna F, et al. Tuberculous meningitis in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. N Engl J Med. 1992;326:668-672. ABSTRACT
33. Cybulska E, Rucinski J. Tuberculous meningitis. Br J Hosp Med. 1988;39:63-66. PUBMED
34. Ogawa SK, Smith MA, Brennessel DJ, Lowy FD. Tuberculous meningitis in an urban medical center. Medicine. 1987;66:317-326. PUBMED
35. Clark WC, Metcalf JC Jr, Muhlbauer MS, Dohan FC Jr, Robertson JH. Mycobacterium tuberculosis meningitis: a report of twelve cases and a literature review. Neurosurgery. 1986;18:604-610. PUBMED
36. Jakubowski A, Elwood RK, Enarson DA. Clinical features of abdominal tuberculosis. J Infect Dis. 1988;158:687-692. PUBMED
37. Wells AD, Northover JMA, Howard ER. Abdominal tuberculosis: still a problem today. J R Soc Med. 1986;79:149-153. ABSTRACT
38. Bruckstein AH. Abdominal tuberculosis. N Y State J Med. 1988;88:18-21. PUBMED
39. Galloway DJ, Scott RN. Gastrointestinal tuberculosis. Scott Med J. 1986;31:239-241. PUBMED
40. Reddy KR, DiPrima RE, Raskin JB, et al. Tuberculosis peritonitis: laparoscopic diagnosis of an uncommon disease in the United States. Gastrointest Endosc. 1988;34:422-426. PUBMED
41. Wald A. Enteric tuberculosis: literature review. Mt Sinai J Med. 1987;54:443-449. PUBMED
42. Lisehora GE, Lee YT, Barcia PJ. Exploratory laparotomy for diagnosis of tuberculosis peritonitis. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1989;169:299-302. PUBMED
43. Singh MM, Bhargava AN, Jain KP. Tuberculous peritonitis: an evaluation of pathogenetic mechanisms, diagnostic procedures and therapeutic measures. N Engl J Med. 1969;281:1091-1094. PUBMED
44. Kakakhel KU, Fritsch P. Cutaneous tuberculosis. Int J Dermatol. 1989;28:355-362. PUBMED
45. Rose AG. Cardiac tuberculosis: a study of 19 patients. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1987;111:422-426. PUBMED
46. Quale JM, Lipschik GY, Heurich AE. Management of tuberculous pericarditis. Ann Thorac Surg. 1987;43:653-655. ABSTRACT
47. Nanda M, Pflugfelder SC, Holland S. Mycobacterium tuberculosis scleritis. Am J Ophthalmol. 1989;108:736-737. PUBMED
48. Buchanan G, Rainer EH. Tuberculous mastoiditis. J Laryngol Otol. 1988;102:440-446. PUBMED
49. Sachs MK, Dickinson G, Amazon K. Tuberculous adenitis of the thyroid mimicking subacute thyroiditis. Am J Med. 1988;85:573-575. PUBMED
50. Verma A, Mann SBS, Radotra B. Primary tuberculosis of the tongue. Ear Nose Throat J. 1989;68:718-720. PUBMED
51. Li CK, Chan YF, Har CMY. Congenital tuberculosis. Aust Paediatr J. 1989;25:366-367. PUBMED
52. VanScoy RE, Wilkowske CJ. Antituberculosis agents. Mayo Clin Proc. 1992;67:179-187. PUBMED
53. Dutt AK, Moers D, Stead WW. Short-course chemotherapy for extrapulmonary tuberculosis: nine years' experience. Ann Intern Med. 1986;104:7-12. FREE FULL TEXT
54. Dutt AK, Moers D, Stead WW. Tuberculous pleural effusion: 6-month therapy with isoniazid and rifampin. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1992;145:1429-1432. PUBMED
55. Snider DE Jr, Cohn DL, Davidson PJ, Hershfield ES, Smith MH, Sutton FD Jr. Standard therapy for tuberculosis 1985. Chest. 1985;87(suppl 2):1175-1245.
56. American Thoracic Society. Treatment of tuberculosis and tuberculosis infection in adults and children. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1986;134:355-363. PUBMED
57. Chaisson RE, Slutkin G. Tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Infect Dis. 1989;159:96-100. PUBMED
58. Mehta JB, Morris F. Impact of HIV infection on mycobacterial disease. Am Fam Phys. 1992;45:2203-2211. PUBMED
59. Centers for Disease Control, US Dept of Health and Human Services. Diagnosis and management of mycobacterial infection and disease in persons with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Ann Intern Med. 1987;106:254-256. FREE FULL TEXT
60. Core Curriculum on Tuberculosis. National Tuberculosis Training Initiative. New York, NY: Centers for Disease Control and the American Thoracic Society; 1990:1-40.
61. Snider DE, Roper WL. The new tuberculosis. N Engl J Med. 1992;326:703-705. PUBMED
62. Outbreak of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis— Texas, California, and Pennsylvania. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1990;39:369-372. PUBMED
63. Lee CH, Wang WJ, Lan RS, Tsai YH, Chiang YC. Corticosteroids in the treatment of tuberculosis pleurisy. Chest. 1988;94:1256-1259. PUBMED
64. Lintin SN, Isaac PA. Miliary tuberculosis presenting as adult respiratory distress syndrome. Intensive Care Med. 1988;14:672-674. PUBMED