Arch Fam Med
Institution: STANFORD Univ Med Center  | My Account | E-mail Alerts | Access Rights | Sign In
  Vol. 6 No. 4, July 1997 TABLE OF CONTENTS
  •  Online Features
 This Article
 •Full text PDF
 •Send to a friend
 • Save in My Folder
 •Save to citation manager
 Citing Articles
 •Citation map
 •Citing articles on HighWire
 •Contact me when this article is cited
 Related Content
 •Similar articles in this journal

Developing a Strategy for Managing Behavioral Health Care Within the Context of Primary Care

Lawrence Fisher, PhD; Donald C. Ransom, PhD

Arch Fam Med. 1997;6(4):324-333.

Article references have been provided for searching and linking. Additional reference information may be available in the article PDF.

1. BennettMJ. The greening of the HMO: implications for prepaid psychiatry. Am J Psychiatry.1988;145:1544-1549. FREE FULL TEXT
2. EnglandMJ, Goff VV. Health reform and organized systems of care. In: Goldman W, Feldman S, eds. New Directions for Mental Health Services: Managed Mental Health Care. San Francisco, Calif: Jossey-Bass Publishers Inc;1993:5-12.
3. Feldman S, Goldman W. Editor's notes. In: Feldman S, Goldman W, eds. New Directions for Mental Health Services: Managed Mental Health Care. San Francisco, Calif: Jossey-Bass Publishers Inc; 1993:1-3.
4. ShuemanSA, Troy WG, Mayhugh SL. Principles and issues in managed behavioral health care. In: Shueman SA, Troy WG, Mayhugh SL, eds. Managed Behavioral Health Care: An Industry Perspective. Springfield, Ill: Charles C. Thomas Publisher; 1994:7-28.
5. deGruyFV. Mental health care in the primary care setting. In: Donaldson MS, Yordy DD, Lohr KL, Vanselow NA, eds. Primary Care: America's Health in a New Era. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1996.
6. SimonGE, von Korff M, Barlow W. Health care costs of primary care patients with recognized depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry.1995;52:850-856. FREE FULL TEXT
7. American Academy of Family Practice, Commission on Health Care Services. AAFP white paper on the provision of mental health care services by family physicians. Am Fam Physician.1995;51:1405-1412. PUBMED
8. BoylePJ, Callahan D. What price mental health? the ethics and politics of setting priorities. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press; 1995.
9. IglehartJK. Managed care and mental health.N Engl J Med.1995;334:131-135.
10. PattersonJE, Scherger J. University family therapy training and a family medicine residency in a managed-care setting.Fam Syst Health.1996;13:5-16. PUBMED
11. WellsKB, Sturm R. Care for depression in a changing environment. Health Aff (Millwood). 1995;14:78-89. ABSTRACT
12. BarrettJE, Barrett BA, Oxman TE, Gerber PD. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in a primary care practice.Arch Gen Psychiatry.1988;45:1100-1106. FREE FULL TEXT
13. OrmelJ, Von Korff M, Ustun B, Pini S, Korten A, Oldehinkel T.Common mental disorders and disabilities acrosscultures: results from the WHO collaborative study on psychological problems in general health care.JAMA.1994;272:1741-1748. FREE FULL TEXT
14. SpitzerRL, Williams BW, Kroenke K. Utility of a new procedure for diagnosing mental disorders in primary care.JAMA.1994;272:1749-1756. FREE FULL TEXT
15. BroadheadWE, Blazer DG, George LK, Tse CK. Depression, disability days, and days lost from work in a prospective epidemiological survey. JAMA.1990;264:2524-2528. FREE FULL TEXT
16. HaysRD, Wells KB, Sherbourne CD, Rogers W, Spritzer K.Functioning and well-being outcomes of patients with depression compared with chronic general medical illnesses. Arch Gen Psychiatry.1995;52:11-19. FREE FULL TEXT
17. JaffeA, Froom J, Galambos N. Minor depression and functional impairment. Arch Fam Med.1994;3:1081-1086. FREE FULL TEXT
18. MintzJ, Mintz LI, Arruda MJ, Hwang SS. Treatments of depression and the functional capacity to work.Arch Gen Psychiatry.1992;49:761-768. FREE FULL TEXT
19. SpitzerRL, Kroenke K, Linzer M, et al. Health-related quality of life in primary care patients with mental disorders: results fromthe PRIME-MD 1000 study. JAMA.1995;274:1511-1517.
20. Wells KB, Burnam MA, Rogers W, Hays R, Camp P. The course of depression in adult outpatients: results from the Medical Outcomes Study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1992;49:788-794. FREE FULL TEXT
21. Katon W, Von Korff M, Lin E, et al. A randomized trial of psychiatric consultation with distressed high utilizers. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1992;14:86-98. PUBMED
22. Smith GRJ, Monson RA, Ray DC. Patients with multiple unexplained symptoms: their characteristics, functional health, and health care utilization. Arch Intern Med. 1986;146:69-72. FREE FULL TEXT
23. Stewart MA, McWhinney IR, Buck CW. How illness presents: a study of patient behavior. J Fam Pract. 1975;2:411-414.
24. Schurman RA, Kramer PD, Mitchell JB. The hidden mental health network: treatment of mental illness by nonpsychiatrist physicians. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1985;42:89-94. FREE FULL TEXT
25. Beardsley RS, Gardocki GJ, Larson DB, Hidalgo J. Prescribing of psychotropic medication by primary care physicians and psychiatrists. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1988;45:1117-1119. FREE FULL TEXT
26. Mechanic D. Correlates of physician utilization: why do major multivariate studies of physician utilization find trivial psychosocial and organizational effects? J Health Soc Behav.1979;20:387-396.
27. Mechanic D. Health and illness behavior and patient-practitioner relationships. Soc Sci Med. 1992; 34:1345-1350. PUBMED
28. Berkanovic E, Telesky C, Reeder S. Structural and social psychological factors in the decision to seek medical care for symptoms. Med Care.1981;21:693-709.
29. Shapiro S, Skinner EA, Kessler LG. Utilization of health and mental health services. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1984;41:971-978. FREE FULL TEXT
30. Coyne JC, Fechner-Bates S, Schwenk TL. Non-detection of depression by primary care physicians reconsidered. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1995; 17:3-12. PUBMED
31. Katon WJ. Implications for care delivery of mental illness in primary care. In: Marks IM, Scott RA, eds. Mental Health Care Delivery: Innovations, Impediments and Implementation. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press; 1990:61-68.
32. Wells KB, Manning WG, Duan N. Sociodemographic factors and the use of outpatient mental health service. Med Care. 1986;24:75-85. PUBMED
33. Regier DA, Narrow WE, Rae DS, Manderscheid RW, Locke BZ, Goodwin FK. The de facto US mental and addictive disorders service system: epidemiological catchment area prospective 1-year prevalence rates of disorders and services. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1993;50:85-94. FREE FULL TEXT
34. Blacker CV, Clare AW. The prevalence and treatment of depression in general practice. Psycho-pharmacology. 1988;95:514-517.
35. Bowers PJ. Selections from current literature: psychiatric disorders in primary care. Fam Pract. 1993;10:231-237. FREE FULL TEXT
36. Hoeper EW, Nycz GR, Cleary PD, Regier DA, Gold-berg ID. Estimated prevalence of RDC mental disorder in primary care. Int J Ment Health. 1979;8:6-15. PUBMED
37. Leon AC, Olfson M, Broadhead WE, et al. Prevalence of mental disorders in primary care: implications for screening. Arch Fam Med. 1995;4:857-861. FREE FULL TEXT
38. Badger LW, deGruy FV, Hartman J, et al. Psychosocial interest, medical interviews, and the recognition of depression. Arch Fam Med. 1994;3:899-907. FREE FULL TEXT
39. Badger LW, deGruy FV, Hartman J, et al. Patient presentation, interview content, and the detection of depression by primary care physicians. Psychosom Med. 1994;56:128-135. FREE FULL TEXT
40. Block M, Schulberg HC, Coulehan JC, McClelland M, Gooding W. Diagnosing depression among new patients in ambulatory training settings. J Am Board Fam Pract. 1988;1:91-97. PUBMED
41. Borus JF, Howes MJ, Devins NP, et al. Primary health care providers' recognition and diagnosis of mental disorders in their patients. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1988;10:317-321. PUBMED
42. Jones LR, Badger LW, Ficken RP,Leeper JD, Anderson RL. Mental health training of primary care physicians: an outcome study. Int J Psychiatry Med.1988;18:107-121. PUBMED
43. Kessler LG, Amick III BC, Thompson J. Factors influencing the diagnosis of mental disorder among primary care patients. Med Care. 1985; 23:50-62. PUBMED
44. Ormel J, Koeter MW, Van den Brink W, Van de Willige G. Recognition,management, and course of anxiety and depression in general practice. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1991;48:700-706. FREE FULL TEXT
45. Crow MR, Smith HL, McNamee AH, Piland NF. Considerations in predicting mental health care use: implications for managed care plans. J Ment Health Administrations. 1994;21:5-23.
46. Diehr P, Price K, Williams SJ, Martin DP. Factors related to the use of ambulatory mental health services in three provider plans. Soc Sci Med. 1986;23:773-780. PUBMED
47. Horgan CM. Specialty and general ambulatory mental health services: comparisons of utilization and expenditures. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1985; 42:565-572. FREE FULL TEXT
48. Horgan CM. The demand for ambulatory mental health services from specialty providers. Health Serv Res. 1986;21:291-319. PUBMED
49. Taube CA, Kessler LG, Bums BJ. Estimating the probability and level of ambulatory mental health service use. Health Serv Res. 1986;21: 321-339. PUBMED
50. Verhaak PF. Analysis of referrals of mental health problems by general practitioners. Br J Gen Pract. 1993;43:203-208. PUBMED
51. Williamson PS, Yates WR. The initial presentation of depression in family practice and psychiatric outpatients. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1989;11:188-193. PUBMED
52. Kessler RC, Brown RL, Broman CL. Sex differences in psychiatric help-seeking from four large surveys. J Health Soc Behav. 1981;22:49-55. PUBMED
53. Feinson MC. Are psychological disorders most prevalent among older adults? examining the evidence. Soc Sci Med. 1989;29:1175-1181. PUBMED
54. Verbrugge LM. How physicians treat mentally distressed men and women. Soc Sci Med. 1984;18:1-9. PUBMED
55. Standfeld SA, Leek CA, Travers W, Turner T. Attitudes to community psychiatry among urban and rural general practitioners. Br J Gen Pract. 1992;42:322-325. PUBMED
56. Hansell S, Mechanic D, Brondolo E.Introspectiveness and adolescent development. J Youth Adolescence. 1986;15:115-132.
57. Hansell S, Mechanic D. Body awareness and self-assessed health among older adults. J Aging Health. 1991;4:473-492.
58. Mechanic D. Adolescent health and illness behavior: review of the literature on a new hypothesis for the study of stress. J Hum Stress. 1983;9:4-13. PUBMED
59. Ingham JG, Miller PM. Self-referral to primary care: symptoms and social factors. J Psychosom Res. 1986;30:49-56. PUBMED
60. Pennebaker JW. The Psychology of Physical Symptoms. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co Inc;1982.
61. Orleans CT, George LK, Houpt JL, Brodie HK. How primary care physicians treat psychiatric disorders: a national survey of family practitioners. Am J Psychiatry. 1985;142:52-57. FREE FULL TEXT
62. von Korff M, Myers L. The primarycare physician and psychiatric services. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1987;9:235-240. PUBMED
63. Kirmayer LJ, Robins JM, Dworkind M, Yaffe MJ. Somatization and the recognition of depression and anxiety in primary care. Am J Psychiatry. 1991; 150:734-741.
64. Main DS, Lutz LJ, Barrett JE, Matthew J, Miller RS. The role of primary care clinician attitudes, beliefs, and training in the diagnosis and treatment of depression: a report from the Ambulatory Sentinel Practice Network Inc. Arch Fam Med. 1993;2:1061-1066. FREE FULL TEXT
65. Gottlieb JF, Olfson M. Current referral practices of mental health care providers. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1987;38:1171-1181. FREE FULL TEXT
66. Finlay W, Mutran EJ, Zeitler RR, Randall CS. Patient age, visit purpose, and the ordering of consultations in a primary care clinic. J Aging Health. 1990;2:261-281. FREE FULL TEXT
67. Sihvonen M, Kekki P. Unnecessary visits to health centres as perceived by the staff. Scand J Prim Health Care. 1990;8:233-239. PUBMED
68. Goldberg HI, Dietrich AJ. The continuity of care provided to primary care patients:a comparison of family physicians, general internists, and medical subspecialists. Med Care. 1985;23:63-73. PUBMED
69. Kebbon L, Swartlin PG, Smedby B. Psychiatric symptoms and psychosocial problems in primary health care as seen by doctors. Scand J Prim Health Care. 1985;3:23-30. PUBMED
70. Link B, Levav I,Cohen A. The primary medical care practitioner's attitudes toward psychiatry: an Israeli study. Soc Sci Med. 1982;16:1413-1420. PUBMED
71. Robbins JM, Kirmayer LJ, Cathebras P, Yaffe MJ, Dworkind M. Physician characteristics and the recognition of depression and anxiety in primary care. Med Care. 1994;32:795-812. PUBMED
72. Jencks SF. Recognition of mental distress and diagnosis of mental disorder in primary care. JAMA. 1985;253:1903-1907. FREE FULL TEXT
73. Rost K, Smith GR, Matthews DB, Guise B. The deliberate misdiagnosis of major depression in primary care. Arch Fam Med. 1994;3:333-337. FREE FULL TEXT
74. Verhaak PF, Wennink HJ. What does a doctor do with psychosocial problems in primary care? Int J Psychiatry Med. 1990;20:151-162. PUBMED
75. Cronin C, Milgate K. Organized systems of care: a vision of a future health care delivery system. Health Prog. 1992;73:22-28. PUBMED
76. Katon W, Von Korff M, Lin E. Collaborative management to achieve treatment guidelines: impact on depression in primary care. JAMA. 1995;273:1026-1031. FREE FULL TEXT
77. Mechanic D. Inescapable Decisions: The Imperatives of Health Reform. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books; 1994.
78. Reidy Jr WJ. Staff model HMO's and managed mental health care: one plan's experience. Psychiatr Q. 1993;64:33-44. PUBMED
79. Schulberg HC, Madonia MJ, Block MR. Major depression in primary care practice: clinical characteristics and treatment implications. Psychosomatics. 1995;36:129-137. FREE FULL TEXT
80. Baldwin LM, Inui TS, Stenkamp S. The effect of coordinated, multidisciplinary ambulatory care on service use, charges, quality of care and patient satisfaction in the elderly. J Community Health. 1993;18:95-108. PUBMED
81. Borus JF, Casserly MK. Psychiatrists and primary physicians: collaborative learning experiences in delivering primary care. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1979;30:686-689. FREE FULL TEXT
82. Groenewegen PP. Substitution of primary care and specialist care: a regional analysis in Denmark. Soc Sci Med. 1991;33:471-476. PUBMED
83. Morrill RG. The future for mental health in primary health care programs. Am J Psychiatry. 1978; 135:1351-1355. FREE FULL TEXT
84. Daniels ML, Linn LS. Psychiatric consultation in a medical clinic: what do medical providers want? Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1984;6:196-202. PUBMED
85. Hansen V. Psychiatric service within primary care: mode of organization and influence on admissionrates to a mental hospital. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1987;76:121-128. PUBMED
86. Carr VJ, Donovan P. Psychiatry in general practice: a pilot scheme using the liaison-attachment model. Med J Aust. 1992;156:379-382. PUBMED
87. Sjonell G. Effect of establishing a primary health care centre on the utilization of primary health care and other out-patient care in a Swedish urban area. Fam Pract. 1986;3:148-154. FREE FULL TEXT
88. Wells KB. Cost containment and mental health outcomes: experiences from US studies. Br J Psychiatry. 1995;166:43-51.
89. Cherkin DC, Grothaus L, Wagner EH. The effect of office visit copayments on utilization in a health maintenance organization. Med Care. 1989;27:1036-1045. PUBMED
90. Birch S. Health care charges: lessons from the UK. Health Policy. 1988;13:145-157.
91. Simon GE, Von Korff M, Durham ML. Predictors of outpatient mental health utilization by primary care patients in a health maintenance organization. Am J Psychiatry. 1994;151:908-913. FREE FULL TEXT
92. Sturm R, Wells KB. How can care for depression become more cost-effective? JAMA. 1995;273:51-58. FREE FULL TEXT
93. Oss M, Stair T. Sixty-eight percent of insured in managed behavioral health: annual market share survey reports an increase in managed behavioral health enrollees in 1996. Open Minds. May 1996:12.
94. England MJ, Vaccaro VA. New systems to manage mental health care. 1991;10:129-137.
95. Kroenke K, Spitzer RL, Williams JB, et al. Physical symptoms in primary care: predictors of psychiatric disorders and functional impairment. Arch Fam Med. 1994;3:774-779. FREE FULL TEXT
96. Katon W, VonKorff M, Lin E, et al. Distressed high utilizers of medical care: DSM-III-R diagnoses and treatment needs. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1990;12:355-362. PUBMED
97. Olfson M. Primary care patients who refuse specialized mental health services. Arch Intern Med. 1991;151:129-132. FREE FULL TEXT