Arch Fam Med
Institution: STANFORD Univ Med Center  | My Account | E-mail Alerts | Access Rights | Sign In
  Vol. 6 No. 6, November 1997 TABLE OF CONTENTS
  •  Online Features
 This Article
 •Full text PDF
 •Send to a friend
 • Save in My Folder
 •Save to citation manager
 Citing Articles
 •Citation map
 •Citing articles on HighWire
 •Contact me when this article is cited
 Related Content
 •Similar articles in this journal

Can Case-Finding Instruments Be Used to Improve Physician Detection of Depression in Primary Care?

Michael S. Klinkman, MD, MS; James C. Coyne, PhD; Susan Gallo, PhD; Thomas L. Schwenk, MD

Arch Fam Med. 1997;6(6):567-573.

Article references have been provided for searching and linking. Additional reference information may be available in the article PDF.

1. Robins LN, Helzer JE, Weissman MM, et al. Lifetime prevalence of specific psychiatric disorders in three sites. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1984;41:949-958. FREE FULL TEXT
2. Kessler LG, Cleary PD, Burke JD. Psychiatric disorders in primary care. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1985;42:583-587. FREE FULL TEXT
3. Schulberg HC, Saul M, McClelland M, Ganguli M, Christy W, Frank R. Assessing depression in primary medical and psychiatric practices. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1985;42:1164-1170. FREE FULL TEXT
4. Barrett JA, Barrett JA, Oxman TE, Gerber PD. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in a primary care practice. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1988;45:1100-1106. FREE FULL TEXT
5. Katon W. Epidemiology of depression in medical care. Int J Psychiatry Med. 1987;17:93-112. PUBMED
6. Burnam A, Wells K, Rogers W, Potts M. Prevalence of depression in general medical and mental health outpatient practices in three health care systems. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association; May 1989; San Francisco, Calif.
7. Regier DA, Boyd JH, Burke JD Jr, et al. One-month prevalence of mental disorders in the United States: based on five Epidemiologic Catchment Area sites. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1988;45:977-986. FREE FULL TEXT
8. Von Korff M, Shapiro S, Burke JD, et al. Anxiety and depression in a primary care clinic: comparison of Diagnostic Interview Schedule, General Health Questionnaire, and practitioner assessments. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1987;44:152-156. FREE FULL TEXT
9. Gerber PD, Barrett J, Barrett J, Manheimer E, Whiting R, Smith R. Recognition of depression by internists in primary care: a comparison of internist and 'gold standard' psychiatric assessments. J Gen Intern Med. 1989;4:7-13. PUBMED
10. Perez-Stable EJ, Miranda J, Munoz RF, Ying Y. Depression in medical outpatients: underrecognition and misdiagnosis. Arch Intern Med. 1990;150:1083-1088. FREE FULL TEXT
11. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994.
12. Johnstone A, Goldberg D. Psychiatric screening in general practice: a controlled trial. Lancet. 1976;1:605-609. PUBMED
13. Linn LS, Yager J. The effect of screening, sensitization, and feedback on notation of depression. J Med Educ. 1980;55:942-949. PUBMED
14. German PS, Shapiro S, Skinner EA, et al. Detection and management of mental health problems of older patients by primary care providers. JAMA. 1987;257:489-492. FREE FULL TEXT
15. Shapiro S, German PS, Skinner EA, et al. An experiment to change detection and management of mental morbidity in primary care. Med Care. 1987;25:327-339. PUBMED
16. Rand EH, Badger LW, Coggins DR. Toward a resolution of contradictions: utility of feedback from the GHQ. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1988;10:189-196. PUBMED
17. Magruder-Habib K, Zung WWK, Feussner JR. Improving physician's recognition and treatment of depression in general medical care. Med Care. 1990;28:239-250. PUBMED
18. Depression Guideline Panel. Depression in Primary Care, I: Detection and Diagnosis: Clinical Practice Guideline 5. Rockville, Md: US Dept of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research; 1993. AHCPR publication 93-0550.
19. Depression Guideline Panel. Depression in Primary Care, II: Treatment of Major Depression: Clinical Practice Guideline 5. Rockville, Md: US Dept of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research; 1993. AHCPR publication 93-0551.
20. Callahan CM, Hendrie HC, Dittus RS, Brater DC, Hui SL, Tierney WM. Improving treatment of late life depression in primary care: a randomized clinical trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994;42:839-846. PUBMED
21. Katon W, Von Korff M, Lin E, Bush T, Ormal J. Adequacy and duration of antidepressant treatment in primary care. Med Care. 1992;30:67-76. PUBMED
22. Katon W, Von Korff M, Lin E, et al. Collaborative management to achieve treatment guidelines: impact on depression in primary care. JAMA. 1995;273:1026-1031. FREE FULL TEXT
23. Rucker L, Frye EB, Cygan RW. Feasibility and usefulness of depression screening in medical outpatients. Arch Intern Med. 1986;146:729-731. FREE FULL TEXT
24. Kamerow DB. Is screening for mental health problems worthwhile in family practice? an affirmative view. J Fam Pract. 1987;25:181-183. PUBMED
25. Campbell TL. Is screening for mental health problems worthwhile in family practice? an opposing view. J Fam Pract. 1987;25:184-187. PUBMED
26. Burnham M, Wells K, Leake B, Landsverk J. Development of a brief screening instrument for detecting depressive disorders. Med Care. 1988;26:775-789. PUBMED
27. Hoeper E, Nycz G, Cleary P, et al. Estimated prevalence of RDC mental disorder in primary care. Int J Ment Health. 1979;8:6-15. PUBMED
28. Sireling L, Paykel P, Freeling B, et al. Depression in general practice: case thresholds and diagnosis. Br J Psychiatry. 1985;147:113-119. FREE FULL TEXT
29. Radloff LS. The CES-D scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general poulation. Appl Psychol Meas. 1977;1:385-401.
30. Zich JM, Attkisson CC, Greenfield TK. Screening for depression in primary care clinics: the CES-D and the BDI. Int J Psychiatry Med. 1990;20:259-277. PUBMED
31. Sackett DL, Haynes RB, Guyatt GH, Tugwell P. Clinical Epidemiology: A Basic Science for Clinical Medicine. 2nd ed. Boston, Mass: Little Brown & Co Inc; 1991.
32. Bush B, Shaw S, Cleary P, et al. Screening for alcohol abuse using the CAGE questionnaire. Am J Med. 1987;82:231-235. PUBMED
33. National Cancer Institute of Canada and American Cancer Society (NCI/ACS). A collaborative study of a test for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in the sera of patients with carcinoma of the colon and rectum. Can Med Assoc J. 1972;107:25-31. PUBMED
34. Radack KL, Rouan G, Hedges J. The likelihood ratio: an improved measure for reporting and evaluating diagnostic test results. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1986;110:689-693. PUBMED
35. Dujardin B, Van den Ende J, Van Gompel A, Unger JP, Van der Stuyft P. Likelihood ratios: a real improvement for clinical decision making? Eur J Epidemiol. 1994;10:29-36. PUBMED
36. Coyne JC, Fechner-Bates S, Schwenk TL. Prevalence, nature and comorbidity of depressive disorders in primary care. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1994;16:267-276. PUBMED
37. Fechner-Bates S, Coyne JC, Schwenk TL. The relationship of self-reported distress to depressive disorders and other psychopathology. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1994;62:550-559. PUBMED
38. Spitzer RL, Williams RBJ, Gibbon M, First M. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R^Nonpatient Edition (SCID-NP 9/1/89 Version). New York, NY: Biometrics Research Dept, New York State Psychiatric Institute; 1989.
39. Dohrenwend BP. The problem of validity in field studies of psychological disorders revisited. Psychol Med. 1990;20:195-208. PUBMED
40. Moser CA, Kalton G. Survey Methods in Social Investigation. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Basic Books Inc Publishers; 1972.
41. Schulberg HC, Madonia MJ, Block MR, et al. Major depression in primary care practice: clinical characteristics and treatment implications. Psychosomatics. 1995;36:129-137. FREE FULL TEXT
42. Buchsbaum DG, Buchanan RG, Centor RM, Schnoll SH, Lawton MJ. Screening for alcohol abuse using CAGE scores and likelihood ratios. Ann Intern Med. 1991;115:774-777. FREE FULL TEXT
43. Diamond GA, Hirsch M, Forrester JS, et al. Application of information theory to clinical diagnostic testing: the electrocardiographic stress test. Circulation. 1981;63:915-921. FREE FULL TEXT
44. Hessel SJ, Siegelman SS, McNeil BJ, et al. A prospective evaluation of computed tomography and ultrasound of the pancreas. Radiology. 1982;143:129-135. FREE FULL TEXT
45. Gray GC, Struewing JP, Hyams KC, Escamilla J, Tupponce AK, Kaplan EL. Interpreting a single antistreptolysin 0 test: a comparison of the 'upper limit of normal' and likelihood ratio methods. J Clin Epidemiol. 1993;46:1181-1185. PUBMED
46. Broadhead WE, Leon AC, Weissman MM, et al. Development and validation of the SDDS-PC screen for muliple mental disorders in primary care. Arch Fam Med. 1995;4:211-219. FREE FULL TEXT
47. Weissman MM, Olfson M, Leon AC, et al. Brief diagnostic interviews (SDDS-PC) for multiple mental disorders in primary care: a pilot study. Arch Fam Med. 1995;4:220-227. FREE FULL TEXT
48. Spitzer RL, Williams JBW, Kroenke K, et al. Utility of a new procedure for diagnosing mental disorders in primary care: the PRIME-MD1000 Study. JAMA. 1994;272:1749-1756. FREE FULL TEXT
49. Klinkman MS. Competing demands in psychosocial care: a model for the identification and treatment of depressive disorders in primary care. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1997;19:98-111. PUBMED
50. Susman JL, Crabtree BF, Essink G. Depression in rural family practice: easy to recognize, difficult to diagnose. Arch Fam Med. 1995;4:427-431. FREE FULL TEXT