Bioproductive Systems in Land Planning

Bruce K. Ferguson

DOI: 10.2190/77BX-2NRN-MCAM-5QC2


Productive biological systems encompass a wide variety of land uses, crossing the conventional boundaries among forestry, aquaculture, wildlife management, animal husbandry, and all the branches of agriculture. This article synthesizes available literature to provide a systemic model of bioproductive systems that can apply to physical land planning. Terrestrial systems include cultivated, perennial-plant, grassland, forest, and "ecosystem byproduct." In terrestrial animal production, plant food crops still occupy the land, but some combination of crops is dedicated to the larger animal system. Types of aquatic systems are distinguished primarily by the salinity of the water: fresh, brackish, or salt. Each type of bioproductive system has distinguishable physical structures, functional operations, and potential products. Systems can vary in their intensity of operation and their contribution in the other types of systems. Which type of systems are selected for implementation in a given situation can influence the economic, energy, environmental, and other effects of a plan.

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