Allocation of Resources for Neighborhood Improvement

Richard I. Pollack



City planners have long made decisions on urban improvement projects primarily on an intuitive basis. A model is presented which serves to provide a structural framework within which these decisions can be made, and their effects on the quality of life in the urban area are examined.

Standards by which to measure the improvement in the quality of life in a neighborhood are developed. Indices are selected to represent such improvements arithmetically. Alternative urban improvement projects are examined for their costs and effects on the standards set for quality of life in the neighborhood. Mathematical programming techniques are used to allocate funds to these projects such that the improvement in the quality of life is maximized within a given budget.

An illustrative example of this model is formed for a fixed planning horizon. Extension of the model to apply to a variable planning horizon is discussed.

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