Environmental NGOs and Science Policy: A Comparative Analysis of Bulgaria and the United States

Brent S. Steel
Rebecca Warner
Alex Johnson

DOI: 10.2190/ES.31.2.b


While the demand for science-based environmental policy in Western nations has been increasing, it is also now recognized as important in many postcommunist regimes as well, especially those that have joined or will join the European Union. All of these countries suffer the consequences of very serious environmental problems that threaten the current health and long-term livelihood of their respective populations and ecosystems. Using interview and survey data gathered from environmental NGOs in Bulgaria and the United States during 2005, this study compares how environmental NGOs define, use, and communicate science to influence the policy process.

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