The Effects of Feedback on Residential Electricity Consumption: Three Replications

Richard A. Winett
Michael S. Neale
Kenneth Williams
James Yokley
Hugh Kauder

DOI: 10.2190/6Y43-BM72-NUNK-3HH1


This project extended the findings of prior research by demonstrating that daily feedback could reduce electricity consumption by about 10 per cent to 20 per cent in three types of residential structures, with occupants of varying income levels, during peak-load (seasonal) periods, and for lengths of time approximating a cooling or heating season in milder climates. The study's results indicated that maximum effectiveness of feedback was reached with higher use consumers during the warmest weather, suggesting that the larger residential consumer should be the target of conservation programs, with such programs optimally focused on cooling and heating. A number of important parameters of feedback procedures were discussed, and methods were outlined that may more widely promote feedback on energy use.

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