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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 82-85

Removable partial dentures: Patterns and reasons for demand among patients in a teaching hospital in southwestern Nigeria

Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Gbadebo S Olaide
Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2347-4610.140516

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Background: Removable partial denture (RPD) is a versatile, cost-effective, and reversible treatment method for replacing missing teeth in partially edentulous patients. It serves the purpose of improving patients' appearance, speech, mastication, confidence, and physchological well-being. Aims: Determining the patterns and reasons for demand of RPDs, including their relation to the socio-economic status among patients attending a teaching hospital dental center. Settings and Design: A retrospective study. Materials and Methods: Records of partial denture patients who attended the prosthetic dental clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan between January 2006 and December 2010 were retrieved. Information obtained included demographic data, occupation, and type of partial edentulous arch based on Kennedy classification. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Level of significance was set at P ≤ 0.05. Frequency and means were used for continuous variables, while Chi-square was used for categorical variables. Results: Nine hundred and sixty-three patients in the age range of 7-99 years and a mean of 45.1 ± 18.9 years were given RPDs during the period; 37% of the patients were young adults (21-40 years), 51.7% were male, and 31.9% were civil servants. Aesthetics was the main reason (60.2%) for seeking RPD and was statistically significant in relation to age group (P = 0.00). Majority [525 (54.5%)] demanded for maxillary RPD. There was increase in demand for both upper and lower dentures among the older age groups (P = 0.00). Majority (56.9%) of the dentures demanded were for Kennedy class III edentulous arches. Conclusions: Kennedy class III dentures were the highest in demand than any other class both in the maxilla and mandible, and the main reason for RPDs was aesthetics.

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