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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 47-53

Management of HIV-related oral candidiasis

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Endodontics and Conservative Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Rachana V Prabhu
Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya University, Nithyananda Nagar Post, Deralakatte, Mangalore 575 018, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-9157 .126629

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Opportunistic fungal infections account for a significant amount of morbidity associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease. Oral candidiasis is one of the earliest premonitory signs of HIV infection and its diagnosis may have grave prognostic implications for the eventual development of full blown acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is considered as an important marker of immune suppression and may be the initial manifestation of the disease in about 10% of HIV-infected adults. Careful history taking and detailed examination of the patient's oral cavity are important parts of the physical examination, and diagnosis requires appropriate investigative techniques. Early recognition, diagnosis, and treatment of HIV-associated oral lesions may reduce morbidity. This review is intended to provide information on clinical variants of oral candidiasis and management as dental care providers are likely to be among the first to recognize such manifestations.

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