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Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention Advance Access originally published online on March 24, 2006
Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention 2006 6(2):122-129; doi:10.1093/brief-treatment/mhj007
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© The Author 2006. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:

Original Article

A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Adapted Form of Individual Critical Incident Stress Debriefing for Victims of an Armed Robbery

   André Marchand, PhD
   Stéphane Guay, PhD
   Richard Boyer, PhD
   Soledad Iucci, PhD
   Annick Martin, PhD
   Marie-Hélène St-Hilaire, PhD

From the Université du Québec à Montréal (Marchand, Iucci, Martin, St-Hilaire) and the Centre de Recherche Fernand-Seguin de l'Hôpital Louis-H. Lafontaine and Université de Montréal (Guay, Boyer)

Contact author: André Marchand, Department of Psychology, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888, Succ. Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3C 3P8. E-mail: marchand.andre{at}

Victims of an armed robbery are at great risk of psychological distress. This research is a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial of an adapted form of Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD-A) with victims of an armed robbery. The specific goals are to examine whether the CISD-A is superior to the control group in both preventing the development of a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and attenuating the frequency and severity of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Following pretest, 75 participants were randomly assigned to individual debriefing or to a control group. Results revealed no differences between the CISD-A and the control group in preventing PTSD or attenuating posttraumatic symptoms 1 and 3 months later.

KEY WORDS: armed robbery, psychological debriefing, PTSD

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