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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 66-69

Prevalence of dental anomalies in pretreatment orthodontic patients in Western Maharashtra, India: An epidemiological study

1 Department of Orthodontia, Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Karad, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

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Nupura A Vibhute
C/O Dr. H.G. Vibhute, Opposite Hotel Greenfield, Uttekaranagar, Sadar Bazar, Satara, Maharashtra - 415 001
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Source of Support: Prevalence of dental Anomalies in Western Maharashtra, India, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-3825.116286

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Aim: The aim of this study was the evaluation of the prevalence and distribution of dental anomalies in the pre-treatment records of orthodontic patients at a rural dental OPD in Western Maharashtra, India. Materials and Methods: Retrospective examination was done of 220 panoramic radiographs, study models, and pre-orthodontic records. Dental anomalies were recorded using panoramic radiographs and study models and reported as descriptive statistics. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive analyses-using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS 9.0)-were used. Results: Patients were between 8 and 14 years of age (mean 11.6 years). The patient types included: Class I: 123 (55.9%), Class II: 94 (42.7%), Class III: 17 (7.7%), and Superclass I: 6 (2.7%). Crowding and spacing were found in 162 (73.6%) and 40 (18.1%) of patients, respectively. It was found that 27.7% of patients had at least one dental anomaly: hypodontia being the most common 23 (10.4%), followed by microdontia 17 (7.7%), hyperdontia 14 (6.3%), transposition 9 (4.1%), root dilaceration 9 (4.1%), macrodontia 7 (3.2%), Talon's cusp 3 (1.4%), and fusion 2 (0.9%). Conclusions: The present study investigating the prevalence of various dental anomalies in orthodontic patients found that 27.7% of the patients showed at least one dental anomaly. No significant association between the occurrences of dental anomalies was found in the study. Prevalence and distribution of some dental anomalies in rural Indian orthodontic patients differed from other studies. Careful prior detection of dental anomalies would simplify orthodontic treatment plan and reduce complications.

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